Photo: Gerry Moore
Swamp Pink (Helonias bullata), characterized by a bright pink flower cluster that blooms in early spring, is one of the most unique and beautiful wildflowers in the Eastern United States.

Swamp Pink is in the lily family, although there are no other lilies quite like it. The plant's closest relatives include a species in Japan (Heloniopsis orientalis) and the bog asphodel (Narthecium americanum), another rare plant found in New Jersey.

Loss of Swamp Pink's forested wetland habitat and the plant's subsequent decline in distribution prompted the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to designate Swamp Pink as "threatened" under the Endangered Species Act in September 1988. A species designated as threatened is likely to be in danger of extinction in the foreseeable future." (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Swamp Pink Identification Guide)

New Jersey is considered the plant's stronghold. An estimated 70 percent of the globally known population exists here, with Cumberland County having the largest number of known stands. For exception resources such as swamp pink a buffer of 150' is required by the State Freshwater Wetlands Protection Act. Within the Pinelands National Preserve a buffer of 300' is required. Because of wetland degradation and hydrological conditions these buffers may prove inadequate to sustain populations of this species.

Citizens United hired botanist Gerry Moore to conduct surveys both to verify known stands and to discover unknown stands of Helonias bullata. His findings are contained in "A Report on Rare and Endangered Plants of the Maurice River Watershed", February 1995. This report identifies the rare and endangered plant species and their habitats that occur in the Maurice River watershed. It also identifies existing threats to these species and makes recommendations on how these species could be better protected. Included are suggestions for future studies which could be performed that would improve our understanding of the flora within the watershed.

Radio Shorts To learn more about the swamp pink and the Maurice River, check out CU's podcasts.

To find further information on Helonias bullata visit the following web sites.
http://endangered.fws.gov/i/q/saq54.html
http://njfieldoffice.fws.gov/Endangered/Swamp_Pink.htm
http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/distr/others/recoprog/states/species/helobunj.htm

The recovery plan for Swamp Pink is available by contacting:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
5430 Grosvenor Lane, Suite 110
Bethesda, Maryland 20814

Telephone: 1 800-582-3421

Adopt a Swamp Pink Population - pdf slideshow

To learn more about other plants of NJ check out our Plants of Southern New Jersey