Xanthium strumarium
rough cocklebur

Xanthium strumarium

Xanthium strumarium
Xanthium strumarium
Photos Courtesy Renee Brecht
Line Drawing, USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Botanical name: Xanthium strumarium
Common name: rough cocklebur
Group: dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Growth type: forb/herb
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: 8"'-60"
Foliage: rough leaves oval, round or kidney shaped, alternate, up to or equal to 6", often 3 to 5 lobed
Flower & Fruit: greenish heads in axilary clusters; covered with prickles in fruit
Flowering time: summer
Habitat: fields, weedy places, beaches
Range in New Jersey: statewide
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a