Photo courtesy Renee Brecht
|Botanical name:||Viola x primulifolia L. (pro sp.) [lanceolata x macloskey]¬Ý|
|Common name:||primrose-leaved violet|
|Plant height:||2 - 10"|
|Foliage:||leaves oblong or oval, 1-5" blunt or rounded at the tip, abruptly narrowed at the base|
|Flower:||1/4 - 1/2" white with purple veins|
|Flowering time:||bloom late April to June; cleistogamous fruit mid August to mid October|
|Habitat:||moist meadows; open woods, stream banks, especially in sandy soil|
|Range in New Jersey:||throughout the Coastal Plain, decreasing in the Pine Barrens; northward through the Piedmont|
|Heritage ranking, if any:||n/a|
|Misc.||USDA views this plant as a hybrid of lance-leaved violet, Viola lanceolata, and small white violet, Viola macloskeyi or Viola blanda. Other experts regard it as a true species.
Most violets are cleistogamous, kleistos, Greek for closed. A cleistogamous flower produces seeds without having produced obvious flowers, as opposed to chasmogamous flowers which open, allowing for pollination. Violets typically produce both types of flowers.