Viola arvensis
European field pansy; Johnny jump-up

Viola arvensis
Viola arvensis
Photo courtesy Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Viola arvensis
Common name: European field pansy; Johnny jump-up
Group: dicot
Family: Violaceae
Growth type: forb/herb
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: to 12"
Foliage: leaves elliptic, toothed, tapered to base
Flower: 1/4 - 1" pale yellow with purple
Flowering time: late April to late July; fruit to September
Habitat: dry open ground of roadsides, old fields, bluffs
Range in New Jersey: local on the Piedmont, the Inner Coastal Plain and in Cape May County
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc. The roots are scented of wintergreen when crushed.