Viola affinis
sand violet

Viola affinis
Viola affinis
Photo courtesy Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Viola affinis
Common name: sand violet
Group: dicot
Family: Violaceae
Growth type: forb/herb
Duration: annual; perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: 6 - 10"
Foliage: glossy heart-shaped leaves, coarsely toothed, with long stems, are narrower in the spring, larger in summer
Flower: violet, with white throat, and the three lower petals are somewhat hairy
Flowering time: April through late May; cleistogamous fruit mid June to mid July
Habitat: moist to wet shaded ground of watersides, deciduous woods and edges, boggy meadows
Range in New Jersey: through the Piedmont and Inner Coastal Plain
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc. Per Hough, species is often misidentified. Similar to Viola sororia (common blue violet), but the leaves are more triangular and elongated with an acute apex. The lower petal is always bearded in sand violet but rarely in V. sororia