Sambucus nigra¬ŻL. ssp. canadensis
American black elderberry

Sambucus nigra

Sambucus nigra¬ŻL. ssp. canadensis
Photo Courtesy Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Sambucus nigra L. ssp. canadensis
Common name: American black elderberry
Group: dicot
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Growth type: tree/shrub
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: 5 - 10'
Foliage: 5-11 leaflets, egg shaped, sharply toothed
Flower: white flowers in cluster 
Flowering time: spring and summer
Habitat: moist, open, rich, low ground of watersides, woods edges, roadsides(Hough)
Range in New Jersey: statewide but only intrusive into the Pine Barrens along the larger streams
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc.: fruit berrylike and juicy; used for jelly and wine