Quercus phellos
Willow oak

Quercus nigra

Quercus nigra
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Quercus phellos
Common name: willow oak
Group: dicot
Family: Fagaceae
Growth type: forb/herb
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: to 80'
Bark: when young, smooth and gray; with age, darker with rough ridges and furrows
Leaves: alternate, simple, willow-like leaves; margin is entire; bristle tipped
Flowering time: monoecious, yellow green male catkins, females on axilliary spikes
Habitat: bloom early to mid May; fruit matures September to November of second year
Range in New Jersey: wet, poorly drained low ground
Heritage ranking, if any: Coastal Plain outside of the Pine Barrens; north to Mercer and Middlesex counties (Hough)
Misc. Stone, 1910, says, "A typical tree of the coastal plain crossing the Delaware into Pennsylvania, but never passing west of the fall line, and pushing up the Delaware only a very short distance above Trenton".(408)