Polygonatum biflorum
Solomon's seal

Polygonatum biflorum
Polygonatum biflorum
Photo Courtesy Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Polygonatum biflorum
Common name: Solomon's seal
Group: monocot
Family: Liliaceae
Growth type: forb/herb
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: 1-4'
Foliage: leaves alternate, plants arching or erect, hairless; leaves narrowly oval or oval, often clasping the stem
Flower: cream to yellow, 1-5 in axillary clusters, 1/2 - 1" long
Flowering time: bloom early May to late June; fruit July
Habitat: dry to moist, sandy or rocky soil of woods, shaded edges, alluvium
Range in New Jersey: statewide but rare in the Pine Barrens; most abundant in the Delaware Valley
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc. formerly divided into two species, which also included Polygonatum canaliculatum (great solomons seal)