Morella caroliniensis
southern bayberry

Morella caroliniensis
Morella caroliniensis
USDA Plants Database
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Morella caroliniensis
Common name: southern bayberry
Synonomy: Cerothamnus caroliniensis
Myrica caroliniensis
Myrica heterophylla
Group: dicot
Family: Myricaceae
Growth type: tree; shrub
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: 7 - 10'
Foliage: alternately arranged and clustered at the ends of the branches. Similar to Morella cerifera but with broader, thicker leaves. Yellow glands on the underside, but unlike cerifera, not generally found on the top surface. Fragrant when crushed. Twigs somewhat hairy, unlike northern baybery (pensylvanica)
Flower: very small, greenish-white
Flowering time: early April to June, before or with the leaves; fruits early August into October. with evergreen leaves.
Habitat: dry or moist grounds of woods and shaded edges, bogs
Range in New Jersey: local through the coastal plain, but into the pine barrens only along the fringes
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc. According to Hough, "Very similar to M. pensylvanica and difficult or impossible to separate in dried specimens; the species were also confused in the old literature. M. heterophylla [now M. caroliniensis] has evergreen leaves, shiny above, and the young fruit are without hair.