Medeola virginiana
Indian cucumber

Medeola virginiana
Medeola virginiana
Photo courtesy Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Medeola virginiana
Common name: Indian cucumber
Group: monocot
Family: Liliaceae
Growth type: forb/herb
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: 1 - 3'
Foliage: whorls of 5 to 11, narrowly oval, broader toward tip
Flower: dangling greenish-yellowgreen; 1/2"
Flowering time: May to June; fruits in July
Habitat: rich, moist woods, shaded edges
Range in New Jersey: statewide, but rare on Outer Coastal Plain
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc. Plants that will flower in any given year will have two whorls of leaves; the top tier flowers. Plants that do not flower will have only one whorl of leaves.