Melampyrum lineare
cow wheat

Melampyrum lineare
Melampyrum lineare
Photo courtesy Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Melampyrum lineare
Common name: cow wheat
Group: dicot
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Growth type: forb/herb
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: 6 - 16"
Foliage: linear, opposite, usually entire margins but some leaves toward base may be bristle tipped
Flower: tubular, pale yellow to white
Flowering time: June-August
Habitat: dry or pine woods, bogs
Range in New Jersey: statewide
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc. The Greeks mixed cow-wheat seeds into wheat grains then ground them into flour. The resulting bread was black, hence the name mela "black" and pyros, "wheat".