Juniperus virginiana

Juniperus virginiana
Photo: Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook (no copyright)
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Juniperus virginiana
Common name: eastern red cedar
Group: gymnosperm
Family: Cupressaceae
Growth type: tree
Duration: perennial, evergreen
Origin: native
Plant height: 25-50’
Bloom Period: late spring
Fruit: summer - fall; bluish white, berry-like seed cones
Range in New Jersey: statewide
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc. Readily distinguished from other conifers by its dimorphic (scales, needles) leaves and blue berry-like cones. Native along the coast; inland populations are usually indicative of previous homesteads or other past disturbance. Wood used to make chests and small objects intended to protect clothes from insect damage

Many birds consume the berries or seed cone of eastern red cedar. The aromatic quality of the wood discourages moths and it has long been used to line closets and boxes. Its durability in soil makes it suitable for fence posts. The heartwood is utilized for wooden pencils.
Credit: USDA United States Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service data base