Gaultheria procumbens
teaberry, wintergreen

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Photo, Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Gaultheria procumbens
Common name: teaberry, wintergreen
Group: dicot
Family: Ericaceae
Growth type: sub-shrub; shrub
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: forms a low growing evergreen mat, 2-5"
Foliage: evergreen, of wintergreen; oval, obscurely toothed
Flower: small white flowers, hanging below leaves, bell shaped with 5 teeth
Flowering time: bloom late June to August; fruits late September to October, fruits persisting
Habitat: dry, acid, sterile ground of oak and conifer woods
Range in New Jersey: statewide, most abundant in the Pine Barrens and the Kittattiny Mountains
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc. Berries edible, a former source of commercial wintergreen. According to Stone in 1910, the berries were gathered and sold by the native "Pineys". (620)