Gaylussacia baccata
black huckleberry

Gaylussacia baccata
Gaylussacia baccata
Photo, Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Gaylussacia baccata
Common name: black huckleberry
Group: dicot
Family: Ericaceae
Growth type: shrub
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: to 3', often found in clumps due to clonal spread
Foliage: elliptic to oblong or oblanceolate; simple, alternate, entire. Both surfaces have yellow resin gland. Margins are entires
Flower: red, small, cylindrical to bell shaped, perfect, in one sided races
Flowering time: flowers early May to early June; fruits early July into August
Habitat: dry woodland
Range in New Jersey: statewide
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc. This species has yellow resin glands on both surfaces of the leaves, unlike smiliar Vaccinium spp. that it often grows with. There are 10 crunchy seeds in the edible berry; blueberries (Vaccinium spp.) have more, but they are smaller and not generally noticable when consuming. G. baccata is colonial. FEIS database article on G. baccata