Castanea dentata
American chestnut

Castanea dentata

Castanea dentata
Castanea dentata
Photos courtesy Renee Brecht, bottom, Wikicommons, top
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh.
Common name: American chestnut
Group: dicot
Family: Fagaceae
Growth type: tree
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: 100-150' but often now only to 20', as most mature trees were lost to blight
Foliage: large, alternate, simple, widely spaced dentate leaves; twigs are hairless
Flower: monoecious; green to white male flowers in catkins; females near twig near base of twig.  Fruit is large, round, spiny husk
Flowering time: late spring/early summer
Range in New Jersey:  
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Distribution: Castanea dentata
Misc. During the 1900s, chestnut blight struck most of the American chestnuts and few survived. Most of what is seen now is planted Chinese Chestnut, which is blight resistant.

The United States National Arboretum has been working to backcross American chestnut with the Chinese strain to create a disease resistant strain with American characteristics.

For more information, visit the American Chestnut Foundation