Amelanchier canadensis
Canada serviceberry, shadbush

Amelanchier canadensis
Amelanchier canadensis
Amelanchier canadensis
Philipp Franz von Siebold and Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini
Plate, Flora Japonica, Sectio Prima (Tafelband), 1870
Photo courtesy Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Amelanchier canadensis (L.) Medik..
Common name: Canada serviceberry, shadbush
Group: diocot
Family: Rosaceae
Growth type: fTree (usually multi-trunked)
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: to 25'
Foliage: deciduous, alternate, simple, downy below with a serrated margin
Flower: 1/2" white, slightly fragrant, in loose racemes of 4 to 10 flowers; 5 petals
Flowering time: April-May; fruits mid June to mid July
Habitat: wet woods; shaded edges, swamps, watersides, coastal marshes
Range in New Jersey: all counties except Warren
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc. Fruit is edible. Its wood is good for tool handles and fishing rods.
Stone, 1910, applied Amelanchier intermedia to what is now A. canadensis.  He applied A. canadensis to what is now A. borealis. He says of A. intermedia=A. canadensis: "The shad-bushes give the first touch of bloom to the swamps of the coastal plain. Their spikes of white flowers and whitish leaf buds stand out in strong contrast to the somber brown tints that prevail until the general bursting of bud clothes everything with the misty gray-green of early spring, and by that time these pioneer flowers are ready to scatter their white petals like a belated flurry of snow. The bushes then become inconspicuous among the other green shrubbery" (488).