Ailanthus altissima
tree of heaven

Ailanthus altissima
invasive plant logo
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle
Common name: tree of heaven
Group: dicot
Family: Simaroubaceae
Growth type: forb/herb
Duration: perennial
Origin: introduced from Taiwan and China
Plant height: to 60', grows 4-5' per year
Foliage: large, odd- or even-pinnately compound, and arranged alternately on the stem
Flower: Yellow with prominent red veins
Flowering time: large panicles at the end of new shoots. The individual flowers are yellowish green to reddish in color; dioecious. Male flowers malodorous.
Habitat: adaptable to a wide range of conditions, but needs sun
Range in New Jersey: throughout
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc. Highly invasive; colonizes disturbed areas; release allelopathic chemicals which suppress other vegetation; resprouts vigorously when cut. 
Has medicinal uses in Chinese medicine.
For more information, see NJ DEP's Report on Invasives pdf