Viola pedata
Birdfoot violet

Viola pedata
Viola pedata
Photo courtesy Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown Line Drawing
Botanical name: Viola pedata
Common name: Birdfoot violet
Group: dicot
Family: Violaceae
Growth type: forb/herb
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: 4 - 10"
Foliage: Basal leaves, finely dissected; similar to that of Coastal violet, but  leaf divisions are not as linear or regular in Coast Violet and the middle division is often broad and irregular.
Flower: Purple, often with upper petals much darker, with orange stamens. Compare to Coastal violet, which does not have orange stamens, but a white throat. 1 - 1 1/2"
Flowering time: Flowers April through June.
Habitat: dry, sandy fields; sunny rocky areas
Range in New Jersey: Occasional through the northern counties, common in the Middle district and down the Coastal strip to Cape May; Stone notes apparently rare and introduced in the Pine Barrens.
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Misc. "This violet differs from the other violets known as acaulescent blue violets by its lack of cleistogamous flowers, making it impossible for this species to self-pollinate (McKinney, p. 17).  In fact, this is the only species of violet in North America that does not self-pollinate (Burn, p.62)". (University of Georgia)

Stone (1911) notes that it occasionally has autumnal blooms as well.

Viola, violet colored, and pedata, refers to bird-foot like leaves.
One of our prettiest violets.