Smilax laurifolia
Laurel leaved greenbriar

Smilax laurifolia
Smilax laurifolia
Photo Courtesy Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Smilax laurifolia
Common name: Laurel leaved greenbriar
Group: monocot
Family: Smilacaceae
Growth type: Subshrub
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: climbing vine
Foliage: climbs; leaves evergreen, thick and leathery, 3 prominent veins; 2-6 inches long, pointed on both ends; upright angle to stem; petiole 1/8 to 1/4 inch
Flower: greenish to white; Few to many, small, greenish, in umbels in the leaf axis.
Flowering time: Flowers late Summer. Fruits black, clusters of 5-25, ripening in Fall in second season, about 14 months after flowering.
Habitat: Swamps, bogs, and floodplains
Heritage ranking, if any: S3/S4
Misc.: USDA notes as a facultative wetland species; usually (67-99%) found in wetlands. notes: " The stems of Smilax laurifolia are viciously armed."

Smilax is an ancient Greek name for an evergreen oak; laurifolia refers to the resemblance of the leaves to those of laurel.