Platanthera integra
Yellow fringeless orchid

Platanthera integra
Platanthera integra
Photo Courtesy Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Platanthera integra
Common name: Yellow fringeless orchid
Group: monocot
Family: Orchidaceae
Growth type: forb/herb
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: 15 - 20"
Foliage: Middle of the stem with small, narrow, pointed leaves. Bottom leaves similar but larger.
Flower: yellow to orange, no fringe, more delicate than P. ciliaris or P. cristata
Flowering time: mid-July to mid August
Habitat: open acid bogs and pine barrens on coastal plain
Range in New Jersey: Pine Barrens swamps. Very rare.
Heritage ranking, if any: State Endangered; Ranked S1; Listed Pinelands
Distribution: Platanthera integra
Misc. USDA lists as a wetland obligate: Occurs almost always (estimated probability 99%) under natural conditions in wetlands.

This orchid was rare even in Stone's time: "All our efforts to find this orchid have failed, although likely spots in the Pine Barrens have been diligently searched."

Species name, integra, means "entire", from the lip of the flower, which is not fringed, but "entire".