Chelone glabra

Chelone glabra
Chelone glabra
Photo courtesy Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Chelone glabra
Common name: turtlehead
Synonomy: Chelone chlorantha
Chelone montana
Group: dicot
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Growth type: forb/herb
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: 1 - 3'
Foliage: Opposite, oblong leaves, 3-6" narrow, sharply toothed, stalkless or nearly so.
Flower: white, sometimes tinted with pink, 1 - 1.5"
Flowering time: flowers July - September; fruits September - October. Fruit is a capsule
Habitat: streambanks, open swamps, and damp ground
Range in New Jersey: throughout north Jersey, the Inner Coastal Plain and Cape May County
Heritage ranking, if any: n/a
Distribution: Chelone glabra
Misc. In NJ, Chelone is an obligate wetland species; i.e., Occurs almost always (estimated probability 99%) under natural conditions in wetlands.

Chelone, Greek for tortoise. Historically, Chelone  has been used as a tonic, laxative, and purgative.