Arethusa bulbosa
dragons mouth orchiD

Arethusa bulbosa
Arethusa bulbosa
Photo courtesy Renee Brecht
Britton & Brown
Botanical name: Arethusa bulbosa
Common name: Dragon's mouth orchid or swamp-pink orchid (not to be confused with Helonias bullata which is also called swamp pink)
Group: monocot
Family: Orchidaceae
Growth type: forb/herb
Duration: perennial
Origin: native
Plant height: 5 - 10"'
Flower: 2", Pink to purple-pink; rare form in white. Lip of flower is crested, yellow, with purple blotches.
Flowering time: May to June.
Habitat: open sphagnum bogs, preferring acid peat
Range in New Jersey: local in the pine barrens; old records north of Wisconsin moraine; Cumberland, Atlantic counties, likely declining
Heritage ranking, if any: Natural heritage listed S2; listed Pinelands
Misc. USDA lists as an obligate wetland species, almost always occurs in a wetland..

Arethusa, named after the Greek water nymph.